False starts in 'test and start': a qualitative study of reasons for delayed antiretroviral therapy in Swaziland 
C. Pell, E. Vernooij, N. Masilela, N. Simelane, F. Shabalala and R. Reis
International health Jan 12 2018;():. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihx065

Novel outreach settings to enhance sexually transmitted infection/HIV awareness, diagnosis and treatment in hard-to-reach populations 
T. Lampejo, R. Turner, C. Roberts, K. Allen, L. Watson, L. Caverley-Frost, P. Scott, E. Ostridge, G. Cooney, J. Hardy, K. Nulty and S. Day
International journal of STD & AIDS Mar 2018;29(3):266-272. doi: 10.1177/0956462417723816

Design and evaluation of mucoadhesive vaginal tablets of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for pre-exposure prophylaxis of HIV 
A. B. Khan and R. S. Thakur
Drug development and industrial pharmacy Mar 2018;44(3):472-483. doi: 10.1080/03639045.2017.1399272 Epub 2017 Nov 15

Funding blood safety in the 21st century 
L. Ifland, E. M. Bloch and J. P. Pitman
Transfusion Jan 2018;58(1):105-112. doi: 10.1111/trf.14374 Epub 2017 Oct 13

The role of frequent HIV testing in diagnosing HIV in men who have sex with men 
M. Furegato, H. Mitchell, D. Ogaz, S. Woodhall, N. Connor, G. Hughes, A. Nardone and H. Mohammed
HIV medicine Feb 2018;19(2):118-122. doi: 10.1111/hiv.12558

Effect of point-of-care CD4 cell count results on linkage to care and antiretroviral initiation during a home-based HIV testing campaign: a non-blinded, cluster-randomised trial 
M. A. Desai, D. O. Okal, C. E. Rose, R. Ndivo, B. Oyaro, F. O. Otieno, T. Williams, R. T. Chen, C. Zeh and T. Samandari
The lancet. HIV Sep 2017;4(9):e393-e401. doi: 10.1016/s2352-3018(17)30091-7 Epub 2017 May 31

Improving HIV test uptake and case finding with assisted partner notification services 
S. Dalal, C. Johnson, V. Fonner, C. E. Kennedy, N. Siegfried, C. Figueroa and R. Baggaley
AIDS (London, England) Aug 24 2017;31(13):1867-1876. doi: 10.1097/qad.0000000000001555

Systematic review of mobile health behavioural interventions to improve uptake of HIV testing for vulnerable and key populations 
D. F. Conserve, L. Jennings, C. Aguiar, G. Shin, L. Handler and S. Maman
Journal of telemedicine and telecare Feb 2017;23(2):347-359. doi: 10.1177/1357633x16639186

Patterns of chlamydia testing in different settings and implications for wider STI diagnosis and care: a probability sample survey of the British population 
S. Clifton, C. H. Mercer, S. C. Woodhall, P. Sonnenberg, N. Field, L. Lu, A. M. Johnson and J. A. Cassell
Sexually transmitted infections Jun 2017;93(4):276-283. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052719 Epub 2016 Dec 15

Diagnostic aids: the Surgical Sieve revisited 
J. Chai, L. Evans and T. Hughes
The clinical teacher Aug 2017;14(4):263-267. doi: 10.1111/tct.12546 Epub 2016 Jun 30

A feasibility study for a clinical decision support system prompting HIV testing 
D. R. Chadwick, C. Hall, C. Rae, M. Rayment, M. Branch, J. Littlewood and A. Sullivan
HIV medicine Jul 2017;18(6):435-439. doi: 10.1111/hiv.12472 Epub 2016 Dec 21

Finding sexual partners online: prevalence and associations with sexual behaviour, STI diagnoses and other sexual health outcomes in the British population 
M. Cabecinha, C. H. Mercer, K. Gravningen, C. Aicken, K. G. Jones, C. Tanton, K. Wellings, P. Sonnenberg and N. Field
Sexually transmitted infections Dec 2017;93(8):572-582. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052994 Epub 2017 Apr 10

Social Media Interventions to Promote HIV Testing, Linkage, Adherence, and Retention: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 
B. Cao, S. Gupta, J. Wang, L. B. Hightow-Weidman, K. E. Muessig, W. Tang, S. Pan, R. Pendse and J. D. Tucker
Journal of medical Internet research Nov 24 2017;19(11):e394. doi: 10.2196/jmir.7997

The clinical effectiveness of individual behaviour change interventions to reduce risky sexual behaviour after a negative human immunodeficiency virus test in men who have sex with men: systematic and realist reviews and intervention development 
P. Flowers, O. Wu, K. Lorimer, B. Ahmed, H. Hesselgreaves, J. MacDonald, S. Cayless, S. Hutchinson, L. Elliott, A. Sullivan, D. Clutterbuck, M. Rayment and L. McDaid
Health technology assessment (Winchester, England) Jan 2017;21(5):1-164. doi: 10.3310/hta21050

Ethically providing Routine HIV testing services to bereaved populations 
B. Burmen, J. O. Mogunde and D. P. Kwaro
Nursing ethics Jan 1 2017;():969733017693442. doi: 10.1177/0969733017693442

Factors associated with the level of CD4 cell counts at HIV diagnosis in a French cohort: a quantile regression approach 
L. Bruneau, E. Billaud, F. Raffi and M. Hanf
International journal of STD & AIDS Mar 2017;28(4):397-403. doi: 10.1177/0956462416650980 Epub 2016 Jul 10

Patterns of HIV testing practices among young gay and bisexual men living in Scotland: a qualitative study 
N. Boydell, K. Buston and L. M. McDaid
BMC public health Aug 17 2017;17(1):660. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4653-5

Usage of purchased self-tests for HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Amsterdam, the Netherlands: results of population-based and serial cross-sectional studies among the general population and sexual risk groups 
J. P. Bil, M. Prins, I. G. Stolte, H. Dijkshoorn, T. Heijman, M. B. Snijder, U. Davidovich and F. R. Zuure
BMJ open Sep 21 2017;7(9):e016609. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016609

Early infant diagnosis of HIV: review of current and innovative practices 
F. Celletti, G. Sherman and A. H. Mazanderani
Current opinion in HIV and AIDS Mar 2017;12(2):112-116. doi: 10.1097/coh.0000000000000343

Human immunodeficiency virus: Diagnostic approach 
J. Guarner
Seminars in diagnostic pathology Jul 2017;34(4):318-324. doi: 10.1053/j.semdp.2017.04.008

Italian guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents and the diagnostic-clinical management of HIV-1 infected persons. Update 2016 
A. Antinori, A. Di Biagio, S. Marcotullio, M. Andreoni, A. Chirianni, A. d'Arminio Monforte, M. Galli, F. Mazzotta, C. Mussini, M. Puoti and A. Lazzarin
The new microbiologica Apr 2017;40(2):86-98. doi:

[guidelines for HIV testing in Poland] 
M. L. Janczarek and A. Grzeszczuk
Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960) 2017;70(2 pt 2):395-398. doi:

Barriers and facilitators to HIV testing in people age 50 and above: a systematic review 
E. Youssef, V. Cooper, V. Delpech, K. Davies and J. Wright
Clinical medicine (London, England) Dec 2017;17(6):508-520. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.17-6-508

How are sexual health clinics in England managing men who have sex with men who refuse to be tested for HIV? 
J. Hoyos Miller, E. Clarke, R. Patel, P. Kell, M. Desai and A. Nardone
International journal of STD & AIDS Nov 2017;28(13):1305-1310. doi: 10.1177/0956462417704343 Epub 2017 Apr 29

The HepTestContest: a global innovation contest to identify approaches to hepatitis B and C testing 
J. D. Tucker, K. Meyers, J. Best, K. Kaplan, R. Pendse, K. A. Fenton, I. Andrieux-Meyer, C. Figueroa, P. Goicochea, C. Gore, A. Ishizaki, G. Khwairakpam, V. Miller, A. Mozalevskis, M. Ninburg, P. Ocama, R. Peeling, N. Walsh, M. G. Colombo and P. Easterbrook
BMC infectious diseases Nov 1 2017;17(Suppl 1):701. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2771-4

The late-presenting HIV-infected patient 30 years after the introduction of HIV testing: spectrum of opportunistic diseases and missed opportunities for early diagnosis 
D. Tominski, J. Katchanov, D. Driesch, M. B. Daley, A. Liedtke, A. Schneider, H. Slevogt, K. Arasteh and H. Stocker
HIV medicine Feb 2017;18(2):125-132. doi: 10.1111/hiv.12403

New HIV diagnoses among adults aged 50 years or older in 31 European countries, 2004-15: an analysis of surveillance data 
L. Tavoschi, J. Gomes Dias and A. Pharris
The lancet. HIV Nov 2017;4(11):e514-e521. doi: 10.1016/s2352-3018(17)30155-8 Epub 2017 Sep 26

Perception of pre- and post-HIV test counseling among patients diagnosed with aids in adolescence HIV test counseling for adolescents 
S. R. Taquette, A. O. Rodrigues and L. R. Bortolotti
Ciencia & saude coletiva Jan 2017;22(1):23-30. doi: 10.1590/1413-81232017221.23532015

The persistent problem of late HIV diagnosis in people with AIDS: a population-based study in Italy, 1999-2013 
M. Taborelli, S. Virdone, L. Camoni, V. Regine, A. Zucchetto, L. Frova, E. Grande, S. Boros, L. Dal Maso, P. De Paoli, D. Serraino and B. Suligoi
Public health Jan 2017;142():39-45. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2016.10.009 Epub 2016 Nov 18

Screening for HIV, hepatitis B and syphilis on dried blood spots: A promising method to better reach hidden high-risk populations with self-collected sampling 
I. H. M. van Loo, Nhtm Dukers-Muijrers, R. Heuts, M. A. B. van der Sande and Cjpa Hoebe
PloS one 2017;12(10):e0186722. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186722

Clinical and public health implications of acute and early HIV detection and treatment: a scoping review 
S. E. Rutstein, J. Ananworanich, S. Fidler, C. Johnson, E. J. Sanders, O. Sued, A. Saez-Cirion, C. D. Pilcher, C. Fraser, M. S. Cohen, M. Vitoria, M. Doherty and J. D. Tucker
Journal of the International AIDS Society Jun 28 2017;20(1):21579. doi: 10.7448/ias.20.1.21579

Factors Associated with Delayed Enrollment in HIV Medical Care among HIV-Positive Individuals in Odessa Region, Ukraine 
O. Neduzhko, O. Postnov, I. Perehinets, J. DeHovitz, M. Joseph, D. Odegaard, R. Kaplan and T. Kiriazova
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care Mar/Apr 2017;16(2):168-173. doi: 10.1177/2325957416686194 Epub 2016 Dec 30

HIV misdiagnosis: A root cause analysis leading to improvements in HIV diagnosis and patient care 
R. Lang, C. Charlton, B. Beckthold, K. Kadivar, S. Lavoie, D. Caswell, P. N. Levett, G. B. Horsman, J. Kim and M. J. Gill
Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology Nov 2017;96():84-88. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2017.10.005

Multi-centre field evaluation of the performance of the Trinity Biotech Uni-Gold HIV 1/2 rapid test as a first-line screening assay for gay and bisexual men compared with 4th generation laboratory immunoassays 
P. Keen, D. P. Conway, P. Cunningham, A. McNulty, D. L. Couldwell, S. C. Davies, D. E. Smith, J. Gray, M. Holt, C. C. O'Connor, P. Read, D. Callander, G. Prestage and R. Guy
Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology Jan 2017;86():46-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2016.11.006 Epub 2016 Nov 16

The importance of registration of sexual orientation and recognition of indicator conditions for an adequate HIV risk-assessment 
I. K. Joore, S. E. Geerlings, K. Brinkman, J. E. van Bergen and J. M. Prins
BMC infectious diseases Feb 28 2017;17(1):178. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2279-y

To err is human, to correct is public health: a systematic review examining poor quality testing and misdiagnosis of HIV status 
C. C. Johnson, V. Fonner, A. Sands, N. Ford, C. M. Obermeyer, S. Tsui, V. Wong and R. Baggaley
Journal of the International AIDS Society Aug 29 2017;20(Suppl 6):21755. doi: 10.7448/ias.20.7.21755

Direct and indirect effects of enablers on HIV testing, initiation and retention in antiretroviral treatment and AIDS related mortality 
A. Safarnejad and J. A. Izazola-Licea
PloS one 2017;12(2):e0172569. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172569

Comparison of Medical Diagnoses among Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex-Partnered Patients 
K. M. Heiden-Rootes, J. Salas, J. F. Scherrer, F. D. Schneider and C. W. Smith
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM 11/12 2016;29(6):688-693. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2016.06.160047

HIV and STIs Among MSM in Tajikistan: Laboratory-Confirmed Diagnoses and Self-Reported Testing Behaviors 
K. Gulov, R. W. Coulter, D. D. Matthews, M. Uzzi and R. Stall
AIDS and behavior Dec 2016;20(Suppl 3):341-349. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1457-z

Factors associated with late diagnosis of HIV infection and missed opportunities for earlier testing 
A. Gullon, J. Verdejo, R. de Miguel, A. Gomez and J. Sanz
AIDS care Oct 2016;28(10):1296-300. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2016.1178700

HIV testing, risk perception, and behaviour in the British population 
S. Clifton, A. Nardone, N. Field, C. H. Mercer, C. Tanton, W. Macdowall, A. M. Johnson and P. Sonnenberg
AIDS (London, England) Mar 27 2016;30(6):943-52. doi: 10.1097/qad.0000000000001006

HIV - lessons from a late diagnosis 
X. H. Chan, B. L. Onen, M. M. Raza, D. Mital and R. W. Smith
Acute medicine 2016;15(2):84-7. doi:

Symptomatic Patients without Epidemiological Indicators of HIV Have a High Risk of Missed Diagnosis: A Multi-Centre Cross Sectional Study 
J. Brannstrom, V. Svedhem, G. Marrone, O. Andersson, F. Azimi, A. Blaxhult and A. Sonnerborg
PloS one 2016;11(9):e0162503. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162503

HIV-indicator-condition-driven HIV testing: clinically effective but still rarely implemented 
L. Bull and M. Rayment
Clinical medicine (London, England) Apr 2016;16(2):175-9. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.16-2-175

HIV post-test practices: an online survey examining perceived delivery of HIV test results, post-test discussion and referral in healthcare settings across the WHO European Region 
S. Bell, J. Casabona, N. Tsereteli, D. Raben and J. de Wit
Sexual health Jun 2016;13(3):205-12. doi: 10.1071/sh15186

Sexual behaviours, HIV testing, and the proportion of men at risk of transmitting and acquiring HIV in London, UK, 2000-13: a serial cross-sectional study 
A. Aghaizu, S. Wayal, A. Nardone, V. Parsons, A. Copas, D. Mercey, G. Hart, R. Gilson and A. M. Johnson
The lancet. HIV Sep 2016;3(9):e431-e440. doi: 10.1016/s2352-3018(16)30037-6 Epub 2016 Jul 14

WHO Guidelines Approved by the Guidelines Review Committee 

2016;():. doi:

Trigger-oriented HIV testing at Internal Medicine hospital Departments in Northern Italy: an observational study (Fo.C.S. Study) 
C. Cerini, S. Casari, F. Donato, E. Porteri, A. Rodella, L. Terlenghi, S. Compostella, A. Apostoli, N. Brianese, L. Urbinati, A. Salvi, A. Rossini, E. Agabiti Rosei, A. Caruso, G. Carosi and F. Castelli
Infectious diseases (London, England) Nov-Dec 2016;48(11-12):838-43. doi: 10.3109/23744235.2016.1169551 Epub 2016 Aug 11

Early diagnosis and testing for human immunodeficiency virus 
A. Hesman
Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987) Jun 8 2016;30(41):52-60. doi: 10.7748/ns.30.41.52.s45

How many people are living with undiagnosed HIV infection? An estimate for Italy, based on surveillance data 
A. Mammone, P. Pezzotti, V. Regine, L. Camoni, V. Puro, G. Ippolito, B. Suligoi and E. Girardi
AIDS (London, England) Apr 24 2016;30(7):1131-6. doi: 10.1097/qad.0000000000001034

[Emergency medicine and prevention : a contradiction in terms ? Observations based on HIV screening] 
O. Hugli, L. Tagliabue, M. Cavassini and K. Darling
Revue medicale suisse Aug 10 2016;12(526):1331-1335. doi:

Routine HIV testing in acute medical admissions in a high prevalence area reduces morbidity and mortality of HIV: a full cycle audit 
R. Hill-Tout, I. Cormack and A. Elgalib
International journal of STD & AIDS Jun 2016;27(7):591-4. doi: 10.1177/0956462415597346 Epub 2015 Sep 16

Using Cognitive Interviews to Enhance Measurement in Empirical Bioethics: Developing a Measure of the Preventive Misconception in Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials 
J. Sugarman, D. M. Seils, J. K. Watson-Ormond and K. P. Weinfurt
AJOB empirical bioethics 2016;7(1):17-23. doi: 10.1080/23294515.2015.1037967

HIV Incidence Estimates Using the Limiting Antigen Avidity EIA Assay at Testing Sites in Kiev City, Ukraine: 2013-2014 
R. Simmons, R. Malyuta, N. Chentsova, I. Karnets, G. Murphy, A. Medoeva, Y. Kruglov, A. Yurchenko, A. Copas and K. Porter
PloS one 2016;11(6):e0157179. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157179

Impact of Heterogeneity in Sexual Behavior on Effectiveness in Reducing HIV Transmission with Test-and-Treat Strategy 
G. Rozhnova, M. F. van der Loeff, J. C. Heijne and M. E. Kretzschmar
PLoS computational biology Aug 2016;12(8):e1005012. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005012

Web-Based HIV Testing in Abruzzo, Italy: Analysis of 15-Month Activity Results 
E. Polilli, F. Sozio, P. Di Stefano, A. Sciacca, T. Ursini, M. Paoloni, J. Vecchiet, D. Di Giammartino, M. P. Sciotti, A. Grimaldi, V. Cortesi, P. Fazii, E. Ricci, C. D'Amario, G. Ippolito, L. Pippa and G. Parruti
AIDS patient care and STDs Oct 2016;30(10):471-475. doi: 10.1089/apc.2016.0082

Late presentation to HIV testing is overestimated when based on the consensus definition 
A. Sasse, E. Florence, A. Pharris, S. De Wit, P. Lacor, D. Van Beckhoven, J. Deblonde, M. L. Delforge, K. Fransen, J. C. Goffard, J. C. Legrand, M. Moutschen, D. Pierard, J. Ruelle, D. Vaira, B. Vandercam, M. Van Ranst, E. Van Wijngaerden, L. Vandekerckhove and C. Verhofstede
HIV medicine Mar 2016;17(3):231-4. doi: 10.1111/hiv.12292 Epub 2015 Jul 28

Factors associated with late HIV diagnosis in North-East Scotland: a six-year retrospective study 
G. Noble, E. Okpo, I. Tonna and S. Fielding
Public health Oct 2016;139():36-43. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2016.06.007

HIV-1 early and late diagnosis in the Emilia Romagna Region (Italy): a three year study 
G. Musumeci, G. Magnani, I. Bon, S. Longo, A. Bertoldi, A. M. Degli Antoni, M. R. Rossi, A. Ruggeri, V. Sambri, S. Semprini, L. Sighinolfi, M. A. Ursitti, A. Zerbini, V. Colangeli, L. Calza, A. C. Finarelli, E. Massimiliani and M. C. Re
The new microbiologica Oct 2016;39(4):241-246. doi: Epub 2016 Sep 13

Frequency of HIV testing among gay and bisexual men in the UK: implications for HIV prevention 
L. M. McDaid, A. Aghaizu, J. Frankis, J. Riddell, A. Nardone, D. Mercey, A. M. Johnson, G. J. Hart and P. Flowers
HIV medicine Oct 2016;17(9):683-93. doi: 10.1111/hiv.12373 Epub 2016 Mar 15

A missed diagnosis of advanced HIV 
A. Mason and N. Dufty
Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps Aug 2016;162(4):302-4. doi: 10.1136/jramc-2015-000428 Epub 2015 Jun 21

Early diagnosis and retention in care of HIV-infected patients through rapid salivary testing: a test-and-treat fast track pilot study 
M. R. Parisi, L. Soldini, S. Negri, G. M. Vidoni, N. Gianotti, S. Nozza, K. Schlusnus, F. Dorigatti and A. Lazzarin
The new microbiologica Jan 2016;39(1):57-60. doi:

Family physicians and HIV infection 
N. Hall, N. Crochette, S. Blanchi, A. Lavoix, E. Billaud, C. Baron, P. Abgueguen, P. Perre and V. Rabier
Medecine et maladies infectieuses Nov-Dec 2015;45(11-12):456-62. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2015.10.005 Epub 2015 Nov 24

HIV Testing Among Spanish Youth: Analysis of the Mediating Role of the Big Five Personality and Other Psychological Factors 
R. Ballester-Arnal, E. Ruiz-Palomino and M. D. Gil-Llario
AIDS and behavior Nov 2015;19(11):2001-11. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1084-0

Observations on home HIV testing 
M. Dore
AIDS (London, England) Jul 17 2015;29(11):1421-2. doi: 10.1097/qad.0000000000000712

Maximising the benefits of home-based HIV testing 
R. Ferrand, N. Ford and K. Kranzer
The lancet. HIV Jan 2015;2(1):e4-5. doi: 10.1016/s2352-3018(14)00039-3 Epub 2014 Dec 23

[Indicator-based HIV testing] 
B. R. Hansen, A. B. Andersen, A. Koch, P. Ravn, C. S. Larsen, N. Weis and J. Gerstoft
Ugeskrift for laeger Sep 7 2015;177(37):V03150266. doi:

[Should gays undergo regular tests?] 

MMW Fortschritte der Medizin May 13 2015;157(9):31. doi: 10.1007/s15006-015-3071-9

Risk factors for TB and HIV coinfection in Scotland, 2001 to 2010 
E. McDonald, A. Smith-Palmer, L. A. Wallace and O. Blatchford
Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin Mar 19 2015;20(11):. doi:

HIV Testing and Diagnosis Rates in Kiev, Ukraine: April 2013-March 2014 
R. Simmons, R. Malyuta, N. Chentsova, A. Medoeva, Y. Kruglov, A. Yurchenko, A. Copas and K. Porter
PloS one 2015;10(8):e0137062. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137062

Effect of stigma reduction intervention strategies on HIV test uptake in low- and middle-income countries: a realist review protocol 
S. Thapa, K. Hannes, M. Cargo, A. Buve and C. Mathei
Systematic reviews Nov 2 2015;4():142. doi: 10.1186/s13643-015-0130-3

Estimating HIV Incidence, Time to Diagnosis, and the Undiagnosed HIV Epidemic Using Routine Surveillance Data 
A. van Sighem, F. Nakagawa, D. De Angelis, C. Quinten, D. Bezemer, E. O. de Coul, M. Egger, F. de Wolf, C. Fraser and A. Phillips
Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) Sep 2015;26(5):653-60. doi: 10.1097/ede.0000000000000324

Light and shade behind the opt-out system for the HIV screening 
R. Ma
The lancet. HIV Aug 2015;2(8):e317. doi: 10.1016/s2352-3018(15)00136-8 Epub 2015 Jul 29

New European HIV Test Finder launched during European HIV-Hepatitis Testing Week 

Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin 2015;20(47):. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.es.2015.20.47.30072